Berkeley, George


Berkeley, George
(1685–1753)
   Bishop and Philosopher.
   A native of Ireland, Berkeley was educated at Trinity College, Dublin. He was appointed Dean of Derry in 1724 and, after a period as a travelling missionary in America, he was consecrated Bishop of Cloyne in 1734. He is primarily remembered for his philosophical writings, which included A New Theory of Vision, Principles of Human Knowledge and Alciphron. He made the distinction between the reality of material objects which exist in so far as they are perceived by spiritual beings (including God) and the reality of spirits which do exist in their own right. His ideas were much discussed by his contemporaries and he is an unusual figure in that he combined rigorous philosophical speculation with a genuine enthusiasm for spreading the Christian gospel.
   T.E. Jessop, A Bibliography of George Berkeley, 2nd edition (1973);
   G. Warnock, Berkeley (1969);
   K.P. Winkler, Berkeley: An Interpretation (1989).

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  • Berkeley, George — George Berkeley David Berman BACKGROUND AND EARLY WORK George Berkeley was born on 12 March 1685 in Co. Kilkenny, where he spent his early years. His father was from England, his mother (very probably) was born in Ireland.1 After attending… …   History of philosophy

  • Berkeley, George — known as Bishop Berkeley born March 12, 1685, near Dysert Castle, near Thomastown?, County Kilkenny, Ire. died Jan. 14, 1753, Oxford, Eng. Irish bishop, philosopher, and social activist. He worked principally at Trinity College, Dublin (to 1713) …   Universalium

  • Berkeley, George — (1685–1753) Irish idealist . Born at Kilkenny in Ireland, Berkeley entered Trinity College, Dublin in 1700. In 1707 he became a Fellow of the College and two years later published An Essay towards a New Theory of Vision (his Philosophical… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Berkeley, George — (1685 1753)    An empiricist philosopher, and Bishop of Cloyne from 1734 to 1752, Berkeley is now known chiefly not for his sermons and ecclesiastical works or even for his strange writings on tar water, but rather for his philosophical works, in… …   Christian Philosophy

  • Berkeley, George — ► (1685 1753) Filósofo inglés. Sostiene que lo único real son nuestras ideas y su realidad consiste en las que percibimos. Sus obras principales son los Principios del conocimiento humano (1710) y Tres diálogos entre Hylas y Filonús (1713). * * * …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • BERKELEY, GEORGE —    bishop of Cloyne, born in Kilkenny; a philanthropic man, who conducted in a self sacrificing spirit practical schemes for the good of humanity, which failed, but the interest in whom has for long centred, and still centres, in his philosophic… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Berkeley, George — (1685 1753)    Philosopher, eldest s. of William B., a cadet of the noble family of Berkeley, b. at Kilcrin near Kilkenny, and ed. at the school of his native place and at Trinity Coll., Dublin, where he graduated and took a Fellowship in 1707.… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Berkeley,George — Berke·ley (bärkʹlē, bûrkʹ ), George. 1685 1753. Irish prelate and philosopher whose idealist philosophy, directed against the materialism of Thomas Hobbes, is based on the thought that to be is to perceive or to be perceived. His works include… …   Universalium

  • BERKELEY, George — (1685 1753)    Irish clergyman and philosopher. Author of A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge (1710) …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Berkeley, George Cranfield — (1753 1818)    Entered the navy, 1766; accompanied Cook in survey of coast of Newfoundland and Gulf of St. Lawrence, 1766 1769; and was on the Victory at Ushant, 1778. In 1786 surveyor general of ordnance, 1786; and vice admiral on the Halifax… …   The makers of Canada